Do you like to know about the futuristic communication technologies? 6G is definitely a one of them. 6G network is going to be the 6th generation of wireless communications technologies, and the successor to the 5G network. There is a lot of time before 6G technology is introduced because 5G wireless communication technology is still in its early days. Even if there is a long way to go for 6G, a lot of companies like Nokia, Samsung, LG, and Huawei have started research on it.
Currently, 5G offers higher internet speed and low latency compared to the 4G network and similarly, 6G will provide greater bandwidth and low latency than the 5G network. The 6G network will use high frequencies in order to get better internet speed and connectivity. It is believed that 6G will offer fast internet speed up to 1 Terabit per second. 5G has had a huge impact on various industries and it is expected that the influence of 6G on various aspects of the market will be even bigger.
There is a lot of time before 6G is introduced but early development has already started with 6G technology by many organizations. South Korea Electronics and Telecommunications research institute has started research on Terahertz band technology and they are working to make 6G a lot faster than other networks. The ministry of industry and information technology, China is also investing and monitoring the development process of the 6G network. The University of Oulu, Finland has started 6Genesis and it is a research initiative for 6G technology. The USA is also planning to start initiatives for the research of wireless 6G technology. These are some of the 6G network countries that have already started working on the development of 6G
6G network advantages
6G technology will develop on the established 5G mobile communications technology. It is believed that 6G technology will provide massive improvements in the field of imaging, Artificial intelligence and Machine learning, presence technology, etc. There will be a lot of advancements in the health care sector after the introduction of 6G as it will help in removing time and space barriers. Currently, there are a lot of network issues but 6G will solve the problem of mobile networks in the closed areas with the help of Distributed antenna systems or femtocells. A femtocell is a small cellular base station that is specifically designed for use in a smaller area like home. This way you can get good cellular networks everywhere.
6G wireless communication technology uses Terahertz frequencies. Terahertz frequencies absorb the moisture in the air and provide high data connectivity speed. Some of the major advantages of Terahertz frequency are secure communications, strong anti-interference capability, high communication rate, high energy efficiency, etc. The terahertz frequencies can also penetrate substances with less attenuation. The biggest advantage of 6G wireless communication technology is high data speed and low latency. For high-speed data communications, a wireless 6G network uses visible lights. The 6G network will enhance service-based architecture, integration of edge computing with communications, smart antennas, and ultra-low latency solutions. Such a high data speed of a 6G network is combined with artificial intelligence and machine learning. So that, there are chances that we might see machines develop itself.
Transformation from 5G to 6G technology
6G will be way faster and more efficient than 5G and it is believed to support data rates of 1 terabyte per second. 5G wireless communication technology is still being introduced in the market. There are a lot of companies that have started researching 6G technology. 6G eventually will be the successor of 5G technology. So, 5G is underlaying the groundworks and it will work as the stepping stone for 6G technology. Some of the 5G technologies that will be further developed for 6G are Millimeter-wave technology for using much higher frequencies, MIMO for multiplying the capacity of the radio link, and dense network for the effective use of the spectrum. The improvement of these technologies will not be enough. So, a lot of new technologies will have to be introduced for the development of the 6G network.
The 6G network will be able to use higher frequencies than the 5G network. It will give much faster sampling rates and greater accuracy. 6G technology will provide increased wireless capacity. This feature of the 6G network will play an important role in maintaining economic productivity, health, and safety. The 5G network has low latency that helps in processing a higher amount of data in significantly less time. However, 6G is believed to support one microsecond or even sub-microsecond latency communications. This will enhance communications and make it faster than ever. 6G technology will have huge improvements in various technologies like smart cities, autonomous vehicles, and virtual reality.
Challenges for 6G network
The implementation of 6G will not be as easy as it is expected. There will be a lot of challenges. The fiber Terahertz is one of the biggest challenges that the 6G network faces. The other thing that needs to be taken care of is spatial multiplexing. The spatial multiplexing is important as it will help in getting the desired output at terahertz frequency. Spatial multiplexing is a wireless communication and fiber optic communication technique. It is used to transmit independent channels separated in space. So, you can reuse the bandwidth continuously and this will help in increasing the bandwidth efficiency. With higher frequencies, the penetration loss increases and we know that the 6G network will use Terahertz frequencies.
The penetration loss is the difference between the signal strength in the surrounding of a building and signals strength inside the building. Penetration loss also depends on the type of material that is used. These are some of the challenges that 6G technology will face before the implementation.
6G technology and startup ecosystem
Wireless 6G will have an immense impact on the start-ups as it will provide security, high bandwidth, and low latency. So, currently, startups cannot develop or work according to their expectations because of the network limitations but after the introduction of wireless 6G technology they can get much better efficiency and we can see much better results. Hence, the 5G to 6G change will be huge and the start-up ecosystem will benefit a lot from it. The positive impact of the 6G network on the startup ecosystem will eventually lead to economic development.